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Zhoushan Port's annual container throughput ranks world's top three
2019-01-20Text Size: A A A

Chuanshan Port Area of Ningbo Zhoushan Port

(Photo by Hu Jinqu)


According to the latest port statistics, in 2018, the annual cargo throughput of Ningbo Zhoushan Port exceeded “1 billion tons” and continued to maintain the only super-large port status of “1 billion tons”and won the tenth consecutive championships!


What is even more gratifying is that the annual container throughput exceeded 26 million TEUs, ranking among the world's top three ports, and ranking second in the national ports.


The 300,000-ton dock berth for oil products.

(Photo by Ye Sijia)


The data shows that Ningbo Zhoushan Port's annual throughput increase in 2018 ranks first among the country's major coastal ports, ranking second only to Singapore Port in the world's top five ports, which coincides with its ranking as the world's most potential container port according to Shanghai International Shipping Research Center in 2018. 


Under the complicated and ever-changing situation of international trade, how can Ningbo Zhoushan Port achieve such a new breakthrough in container volume while maintaining a global lead in cargo throughput?  

This is inseparable from the steady development and transformation and upgrading of China's foreign trade economy.

According to the relevant data of the General Administration of Customs, in 2018, the total value of China's foreign trade imports and exports reached 30.51 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.7%; among them, the total import and export volume of goods from January to November 2018 in Zhejiang Province was 2,608.44 billion yuan, an increase of 12.7. %, both maintained a relatively fast growth rate, laying the foundation for the supply of container throughput.

As foreign trade imports and exports grow, the routes are further increased. Ningbo Zhoushan Port has cooperated with shipping alliances such as 2M, OCEAN and THE, and the status of international hub port has been further consolidated.

By the end of 2018, there are 246 routes of various types, an increase of 3 over the same period of the previous year, of which 120 are trunk lines, accounting for nearly 50% of the total routes.


Shulanghu Ore Terminal is unloading the 400,000-ton mine ship "Ore Guangzhou".

(Photo by Cai Guodong)


The key is to take the initiative to stabilize the basic business and fully cultivate new growth points.

The relevant person in charge of Zhoushan Port in Ningbo said that while the marine port of Zhejiang Province entered the era of “post-integration”, it further integrated into the “One Belt and One Road”, the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Zhejiang Free Trade Zone; it was driven by the “leading” of Ningbo Zhoushan Port that Jiaxing Port in the north of Zhejiang, Wenzhou Port and Taizhou Port in the south of Zhejiang Province, Yiwu Port in the middle of Zhejiang Province, and the inland river ports in the province go hand in hand, speeding up the business of branch line transfer and sea and river transport, and the container transport business is booming.

Under the tandem of the own fleet of Ningbo Ocean, the role of branch ports as feeders to Ningbo Port has been highlighted, and a large number of container sources have been gathered for the Zhoushan Port in Ningbo. The rapid development of sea-rail combined transport has laid a solid foundation for Ningbo Zhoushan Port to expand its container business. 


In 2018, Ningbo Zhoushan Port opened nine sea-rail combined transport lines, increased the frequency of existing trains, and opened the first double-deck container sea-rail intermodal train in China. The hinterland of the box source continued to extend to the inland areas.

Up to now, there have been 7 sea-rail combined transport lines with a monthly container capacity of more than 5,000 TEUs in Zhoushan, Ningbo. The monthly business volume of Yiwu trains has been normalized to over 10,000 TEUs, making it the largest sea-rail intermodal train in the country.  

In 2018, Ningbo Zhoushan Port completed a total of 600,000 TEUs of sea-rail combined transport business, an increase of over 50% year-on-year.

In terms of bulk cargo, Ningbo Zhoushan Port fully utilizes the role of iron ore transportation system and the capacity of the “big dock” such as the “Large Dock” of the Shulanghu Ore Transit Terminal to strengthen business cooperation with the producers and exporters of iron ore such as Brazil’s Vale.


In 2018, it has unloaded nearly 30 ships of the world's largest 400,000 tons of mines, and is committed to building an iron ore distribution center in Northeast Asia.

At the same time, while Ningbo Zhoushan Port strengthened the crude oil supply and supply service of large-scale state-owned refineries, it also tried to develop new customers along the Yangtze River, and continued to expand the crude oil business map. Zhoushan Port will also build the oil industry chain around Zhejiang Free Trade Zone. The 300,000-ton wharf berth was opened for trial operation in 2018, and Zhoushan Shihua's 450,000-ton crude oil terminal was accepted for acceptance.

In the past year, Ningbo Zhoushan Port's auto-rolling business has developed rapidly, successfully attracting the Huatong Logistics BMW Ningbo Branching Warehouse to settle in Meishan Port Area, and introduced automobile brands such as GAC Trumpchi, Beijing Automotive New Energy and FAW Mazda. At the same time. It has also started Ningbo-Tianjin's domestic trade ro-ro service, Geely Automobile's foreign trade ro-ro shipping business.

In 2018, Ningbo Zhoushan Port completed a total of 150,000 car ro-ro business, 12 times the business volume in 2017, and became the “100,000+” club in the ro-ro terminal business.


In response to the impact of foreign trade coal import restrictions and policies, in 2018, Ningbo Zhoushan Port actively promoted the integration of large coal customers in Zhejiang and West, vigorously explored the supply of sea-river intermodal transportation, and successfully opened three river routes from Zhenhai Port Area to Shaoxing and Jinhua. The coal handling capacity remained stable throughout the year.

In addition, the throughput of liquefied oil products in Zhoushan Port of Ningbo has risen steadily, and the grain and other businesses are relatively stable.


Related Links

The cargo throughput wins“tenth consecutive championship” in the world; container throughput ranks among the top three in the world. This is the starting point for the new round of development of Zhoushan Port in Ningbo.

As a kind of transportation product with higher value and higher profit margin, the container's throughput can be further upgraded. It is an important symbol of Ningbo Zhoushan Port's leap from "world big port" to "world strong port".

Some observers said that the container volume ranks among the top three in the world. It is a new starting point for Ningbo Zhoushan Port, but it should look to the world, benchmark the world's first-class international ports, clarify its position and find a development gap.

For example, from the perspective of container throughput, Ningbo Zhoushan Port has a large gap with the world's number one Shanghai Port. Another indicator for the “true international shipping center” – the proportion of international container transit, Ningbo Zhoushan Port accounted for only 5%, far lower than the transit ports such as Hong Kong, Singapore and Busan.

In addition, Ningbo Zhoushan Port's comprehensive service level, shipping insurance, shipping finance and other high-end service industries still have room for improvement.

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