Tong Dizhou, or Tung Tichou (1902-1979), was born in Tangxi Town, Yin County (now Yinzhou District), Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. As a CPC member, he enjoyed wide reputation at home and abroad as a prestigious biologist and educator and served as the vice president of Chinese Academy of Science and the director of the Institute of Zoology of the academy. He graduated from the Philosophy Department of Fudan University in 1927, worked as an assistant in the Biology Department of National Fourth Zhongshan University (the predecessor of Nanjing University) from 1927 to 1930. After that, he taught at Shandong University for a long time and was appointed as the vice president in 1951. He was a brilliant experimental embryologist, a main founder of Chinese experimental embryology and a pioneer in bioscience research in the 20th century. In 1978, he was awarded the title of “Advanced Worker of National Science and Technology” at the National Science Conference.
Human beings have experienced arduous scientific explorations for thousands of years with an attempt to discover the genetic myths of reproduction. In the 20th century, great breakthroughs were made in global life science research. In 2000, scientists from China, the U.S. and the U.K. announced the accomplishment of Human Genome Project simultaneously. In fact, Tong propelled the research on biological evolution and cell heredity and variation in the early 1960s and discovered the way of artificially cultivating new species according to needs, thus receiving the reputation as the father of cloning. In 1990s, he was listed among the list of top 100 Greatest Scientists in the world.